If you are trying to conceive, you may be wondering what vitamins you should be taking. There are many different vitamins and minerals that can help improve fertility, but not all of them are created equal. In this blog post, we will discuss the best vitamins for fertility and how they can help increase your chances of conceiving. We will also provide a list of recommended supplements to help get you started!

Role of micronutrients in fertility

You may anticipate that, by now, we’d know how to play vitamins and fertility. That isn’t exactly the case.

Because fertility is a complicated equation, and each person’s body is unique, the science around micronutrients and conception is still in its early stages.

However, there is some evidence that vitamins play a role in pregnancy and infertility.

Vitamins are important to women’s health. They’re required for a variety of purposes, including:

  • menstruation and ovulation
  • thyroid function
  • energy production
  • immune function
  • oocyte (egg) quality and maturation

When trying to establish the ideal condition for a successful pregnancy, adequate vitamin and mineral intake is essential. Some nutrients may even help with PCOS symptoms, which is a prevalent underlying reason for infertility.

Some supplements, it has been found in men, can improve sperm count and movement in males.

While there is evidence to support it, more study is needed. “While encouraging, the majority of this research was small and didn’t use adequate methodology,” says Dr. Tieraona Low Dog, MegaFood’s chief medical adviser.

We’ve broken down some of the most popular fertility supplements, including their usage, efficacy, and dosage.

Who may take fertility vitamins? 

Fertility vitamin supplements might be used by those who want to conceive, but they should first talk it over with their doctor.

The CDC advises that women take folic acid supplements at least one month before attempting to conceive and throughout their pregnancy. The CDC claims that taking these vitamins can aid in the conception of a baby.

Some nutritional supplements, such as zinc and vitamin C, might also be useful for males. According to a 2016 study, antioxidants may help improve semen quality. Vitamin C, E, and CoQ10 supplements have been found to increase semen quality, minimize sperm DNA damage, and boost sperm count and motility.

How to choose

Online shopping for fertility vitamins is becoming increasingly popular. However, before buying a remedy, customers should think about its contents and safety and consult with their doctor.

While the micronutrients provided by each brand may differ, consumers may select fertility vitamins that include the following:

  • Folic acid (folate): According to studies, women who take folic acid supplements conceive faster. Furthermore, folic acid may improve the chances of live birth when people utilize assisted reproductive techniques (ART).
  • Vitamin D: Vitamin D levels have been linked to higher chances of pregnancy success in assisted reproductive technology (ART) patients. Low vitamin D levels may reduce the likelihood of conceiving during ART, according to a 2015 study. Vitamin D insufficiency has also been linked to increased risks of pregnancy complications, congenital rickets, and fractures in newborns.
  • Iron: Iron deficiency, according to the 2015 review, can reduce fertility. Researchers who studied the fertility of celiac disease patients with iron insufficiency discovered that they had delayed periods, early menopause, and unexplained infertility.

Vitamins should also be tested to verify that they are safe to consume.

Vitamins are handled differently by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) than prescription drugs, and they are not licensed. Vitamins must be properly manufactured and tested before being sold to customers.

If you have any negative reactions to dietary supplements or vitamins, the FDA encourages you to report them through its website. The following are some of the most severe side effects that individuals may report:

  • itching
  • rash
  • swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
  • nausea and vomiting
  • low blood pressure and irregular heartbeat
  • difficulty urinating
  • joint or muscle pain
  • stroke
  • bleeding from the nose or gums
  • blood in the urine or stool
  • suicidal thoughts

12 vitamins and supplements to boost fertility

  • Micronutrients
  • Acetyl L-carnitine
  • B vitamins
  • Vitamin C
  • Calcium
  • CoQ10
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin E
  • Folic acid
  • Iron
  • Omega-3s
  • Selenium
  • Zinc
  • Multivitamin

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Infertility is a difficult road, whether you’re trying to conceive or not. Anyone who has experienced infertility knows how difficult it can be.

Your diet, on the other hand, may improve your baby-making prospects in a relatively simple and noninvasive technique:

More specifically, the macronutrients you consume or supplements that provide micronutrients.

It’s not worth your time to go right to the health food store before consulting with your doctor. And, if you’re looking for specifics to talk about, here’s a rundown of vitamins and minerals that might be beneficial.

Role of micronutrients in fertility

Now, you may be expecting us to have the role of vitamins and fertility figured out by now. That isn’t entirely accurate.

The study of micronutrients and conception is still in its infancy, to say the least when it comes to fertility.

However, there has been some promising research into the connection between vitamins and infertility.

Vitamins have several functions in women’s health. They’re essential for a number of activities, including:

  • menstruation and ovulation
  • thyroid function
  • energy production
  • immune function
  • oocyte (egg) quality and maturation

When attempting to establish the optimal environment for a healthy pregnancy, adequate vitamin and mineral intake is critical. Some nutrients may even help manage PCOS symptoms, which is a typical underlying cause of infertility.

In men, certain supplements have been shown to improve sperm count and mobility, allowing the tiny swimmers to reach their destination.

However, it’s also vital to remember that much more study is needed.

“While they appear to be promising, the majority of these studies were limited in scale and lacked a rigorous approach,” adds Dr. Tieraona Low Dog, MegaFood’s chief medical adviser.

We’ve broken down some of the most popular fertility treatments, including their uses, efficacy, and dosage.

1. Acetyl L-carnitine

prenatal vitamins

Who it’s for: Men and women

Claimed fertility benefit: Vitamin E and zinc boost sperm mobility, as well as antioxidants that help to maintain a proper female reproductive system.

Acetyl L-carnitine (ALC) may not be the first vitamin that springs to mind when you think “vitamins.” That doesn’t negate the importance of this substance. ALC and LC are two types of L-carnitine (LC), which are naturally present in the body and help fat cells convert to energy. Women’s fertility can be enhanced by combining ALC and LC on occasion.

Though vitamin C has some advantages for female fertility, ALC offers greater antioxidant activity. These are supposed to help delay age-related changes in the female reproductive system.

In addition, the review reported that supplements combining both LC and ALC alleviated the following ailments:

  • PCOS
  • endometriosis
  • amenorrhea (the absence of a period)

Both ALC and LC can improve spermatid mobility in men, according to other studies. For male fertility, usual dosage recommendations range from 1 to 3 grams per day for both ALC and LC.

However, before taking LC or ALC supplements, it is necessary to see a doctor to ensure safe and correct dosage.

2. B vitamins

Who they’re for: Women and men

Claimed fertility benefit: Promote egg health and prevent ovulatory infertility; it may improve sperm quality

You’ve probably heard that folic acid (vitamin B9) is essential during pregnancy, although I’ll get to that later. Fertility isn’t the only area in which other B vitamins factor.

A higher intake of vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, and B12 were linked to a decreased risk of ovulatory infertility in the Nurses Health Study II — a large, long-term public health study. (“Ovulatory infertility” refers to an inability to conceive after getting pregnant.)

Vitamin B12 deficiency has been linked to infertility in women. Furthermore, a 2015 research found that having higher levels of B12 and folate might improve fertility in ladies undergoing infertility treatment.

Although further exploration is necessary, some experts believe that B vitamins may improve sperm quality as well.

Many, if not all, of your daily B’s, can be supplied by a single B-complex multivitamin.

3. Vitamin C

Who it’s for: Men

Claimed fertility benefit: Supports sperm count and mobility

Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that can reduce body damage and improve iron absorption.

Vitamin C, with or without vitamin E, improved the amount, mobility, and sometimes DNA integrity (in other words, quality) of sperm in males according to a 2016 assessment of several research.

Vitamin C is a vitamin that may help boost your immune system and reduce the risk of infections, according to WebMD. Vitamin C’s recommended daily allowance (RDA) for men is 90 milligrams (mg), while it’s 75 mg for women.

4. Calcium

vitamin d deficiency

Who it’s for: Women and men

Claimed fertility benefit: Helps create sperm

To be honest, there isn’t enough evidence to suggest that extra calcium is beneficial in terms of fertility. However, both men and women need to consume enough of this mineral to avoid deficiencies.

Calcium insufficiency might be a cause of infertility in males, according to 2019 research. Because calcium is involved in sperm production, it may be deficient.

Adult men and women require 1,000 mg of calcium each day. Most people don’t need to take supplements in order to meet their calcium needs.

5. Coenzyme Q10

vitamin d deficiency

Who it’s for: Men and women

Claimed fertility benefit: Improves the ovaries’ response to IVF; increases sperm mobility

Your body creates coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) on its own, but increasing the amount in your circulation might aid fertility.

A 2018 research found that women who took CoQ10 prior to IVF treatment had a greater ovarian response.

A number of studies (one published in 2019 and one in 2020) have shown that CoQ10 supplementation may enhance sperm concentration and mobility in men with infertility.

However, a 2013 review of studies and meta-analysis found no indication that it improves live birth or pregnancy rates.

6. Vitamin D 

fertility vitamins

Who it’s for: Women and men

Claimed fertility benefit: Improves ovarian stimulation and semen quality

Vitamin D has been linked to infertility in females in several studies.

Vitamin D levels were found to be extremely low in women with infertility related to PCOS in a 2019 study. (However, this wasn’t the case in those who had unexplained infertility.)

Vitamin D is involved in both female and male reproductive functions. Vitamin D insufficiency has been linked to infertility in men and women, therefore it’s critical to have your vitamin D status assessed.

If you’re taking a drug that affects the thyroid, or if you have one of the following diseases, talk with your doctor about an appropriate extra dosage: hypothyroidism (low thyroid function), chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME), fibromyalgia, pernicious anemia.

7. Vitamin E

sperm motility

Who it’s for: Men and women

Claimed fertility benefit: Increases sperm vitality and general female reproductive health.

Vitamin E has antioxidant properties that may help improve male sperm function and support general reproductive health in women, although more research is needed to determine its efficacy. The RDA for vitamin E among adults is 15 mg.

8. Folic acid 

fertilized egg

Who it’s for: Women

Claimed fertility benefit: Improves the chances of achieving pregnancy and helps fertility treatments succeed.

It’s not only a smart idea to get enough folic acid (the artificial type of folate) throughout pregnancy. When attempting to conceive, it may also be beneficial to supplement.

“Folate supplementation before conception has been linked to a higher probability of getting pregnant, better success with fertility treatments, and a lower risk of neural tube defects in the baby,” according to Low Dog. “However, further research is needed,” she adds.

For pregnant women, the RDA of folic acid is 600 mcg.

It’s also advised that women who are about to become pregnant or who may become pregnant take a daily 400 to 800 mcg folic acid supplement beginning at least 1 month before conception.

9. Iron

healthy female reproductive system

Who it’s for: Women

Claimed fertility benefit: Prevents iron deficiency anemia

Iron deficiency can lead to ovulatory infertility (one possible roadblock to conception). Ovulatory infertility, according to a long-term study of over 18,000 women conducted in 2006, may be prevented by iron supplementation.

If you know you have an ovulation problem, talk to your doctor about how to add iron to your diet or whether iron supplements are suitable for you.

10. Omega-3s

promote healthy uterine follicles

Who it’s for: Men and women

Claimed fertility benefit: Motility of male sperm is enhanced; it aids in the conception of women over the age of 35.

What about omega-3 fatty acids from fish and other foods?

“When it comes to dietary patterns, seafood consumption as part of a healthy diet has been linked with greater fertility in men and women. ” Low Dog adds.

“While we wait for more study, I would argue that if you don’t eat omega-3-rich seafood on a daily basis, taking a supplement may be beneficial while trying to conceive,” she adds.

11. Selenium

fertility vitamin

Who it’s for: Men and women

Claimed fertility benefit: Improved semen quality; reduced risk of miscarriage

Selenium, despite its obscurity, is a critical mineral that may have a role in hormone production.

Selenium deficiency can contribute to miscarriage, low semen quality, and poor sperm motility, according to research published in 2015.

According to a recent research, selenium may help maintain the follicular fluid surrounding women’s eggs’ health.

Selenium is required for the male body to produce sperm, and some studies have shown that a blend of selenium and vitamin E may boost semen quality and sperm mobility.

Selenium is an element that has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory properties. The RDA for selenium in adults is 55 mcg per day.

12. Zinc

lifestyle and fertility study

Who it’s for: Men and women

Claimed fertility benefit: Helps fertilization and egg development; improves sperm quality

Zinc is necessary for the formation of sperm. Low-quality sperm have been linked to a zinc shortage.

However, the relationship between this mineral and male fertility has not been verified. In fact, a study published in 2020 revealed that zinc and folic acid dietary supplements did not improve sperm count, sperm function, or live birth rates.

When it comes to zinc and female fertility, research published in 2019 found that lower levels of this mineral in the blood were linked with a long time attempting to conceive.

The RDA for zinc is 8 mg for women and 11 mg for males.

Should you take a multivitamin instead?

Because so many micronutrients may affect fertility, you could find it more practical to take one high-quality multivitamin instead of a slew of separate supplements.

“I strongly advise taking a good, high-quality prenatal vitamin every day,” says Low Dog. She suggests seeking one that contains the following components for women:

  • 400 mcg folate at minimum (consider using the active methylated form)
  • 300 mg choline at minimum
  • 150 mcg iodine
  • 18 mg iron
  • 600 IU vitamin D, at least

Low Dog recommends that men seek a multivitamin with adequate antioxidants that provides approximately 200 percent of the daily value for:

  • vitamin C
  • vitamin E
  • zinc

Risks of taking supplements

Vitamins are not as risky to obtain as most people think. While vitamins can be purchased over-the-counter, they may not always be risk-free. Many supplements have the potential to cause negative interactions with medications you’re already taking, resulting in undesirable side effects or exacerbating existing health issues.

Although it may appear unlikely that someone would overdose on vitamins, it’s also conceivable to take in dangerously large amounts of some nutrients. Some micronutrients have established maximum tolerable upper intake levels, which means the amount you can consume before suffering negative consequences.

Follow the dosage instructions on the supplement’s label, and always contact your doctor before taking a new vitamin or supplement to avoid exceeding these limits.

Vitamins and supplements are not subject to the same kind of quality control as prescription drugs, according to the Food and Drug Administration. From batch to batch, quality may vary. This is why selecting a trustworthy manufacturer is crucial.

Conclusion thoughts

Fortunately, there are the best vitamins for fertility that can help you increase your chances of conceiving. If you’re struggling to get pregnant or want a boost in the bedroom, then it’s time to start taking some simple steps with supplements and healthy lifestyle changes. Consider Selenium- which has been linked to reduced risk of miscarriage and poor sperm motility according to research published in 2015- as well as Zinc (which is necessary for forming sperm) among other best vitamins for fertility. Whether you’re trying to become pregnant naturally or through IVF treatments, these best vitamins may be able to improve your odds! You’ll also find bests tips on how best to work out when trying to conceive here too!


What vitamins help you get pregnant?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best vitamins for fertility may vary from person to person. However, some key nutrients that have been linked with improved fertility include folate, zinc, and selenium.

What is the best fertility pill to get pregnant?

Again, there is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question. However, some fertility pills that may improve your chances of conceiving include those that contain folic acid, zinc, and selenium.

Should I take vitamins when trying to conceive?

According to the best doctors, yes! Taking vitamins when trying to conceive can help increase your chances of getting pregnant and having a healthy baby. The best time for women who are planning on becoming pregnant is before conception occurs; this allows their body enough time to build up nutrients that will support the pregnancy process.

What is the best fertility drug to get pregnant?

According to best doctors, the best fertility drug is not necessarily a “drug” at all. It’s actually supplements that contain folic acid and zinc which can help support your chances of becoming pregnant. These best vitamins for fertility are safe, natural, and don’t have any side effects like other drugs may have.

What is the best vitamin for female fertility?

Again, there is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question. However, some key best vitamins for female fertility include folate, zinc, and selenium. All of these nutrients have been linked with improved fertility in women.